Charles Lipson
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E-mail: [email protected]

Voice: 773.702.8053

Fax:    773.702.1689


Charles Lipson

Professor of Political Science

University of Chicago

5828 S. University Ave.

Chicago, IL 60637


Turning Points of the Twentieth Century

The first half of the Twentieth Century was defined by a savage Thirty Years’ War. The historic empires of Europe were destroyed between 1914 and 1918, but the no durable structure of peace was established to contain Germany and, later, Imperial Japan. Their military expansion in the late 1930s and early 1940s fundamentally threatened the security of Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States.

The turning point in the Second Great War came in 1941-42, when the Nazis were turned back at Moscow and Stalingrad and when the US entered the war, mobilizing its vast reservoirs of industry and manpower.

The basic features of the post-war era were established between 1944 and 1949, when the US and Soviet Union developed nuclear weapons, when the Red Army held the territory it captured in WWII, and when the US chose to take on an active global role, economically and militarily, beginning with the Marshall Plan and NATO.

Those basic structures produced a stable, two-power world, with the United States closely linked to its increasingly prosperous allies by open trade and investment. They lasted until the Soviet Empire collapsed in 1989 and the Soviet Union itself dissolved in 1991.

Can the cooperative ties among the US, Europe, and northeast Asia, forged in opposition to the Soviet Union, survive and prosper in the post-Cold War environment?




Pages on this Web site
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Home List of my courses
International Politics
Talks on Education & Honesty
Books by Charles Lipson
Why Honesty Matters for Your Education
           (for university students)
Talks by Charles Lipson
Courses offered
Helping Your Students Do Honest Work
          (for faculty and advisers)
PIPES Workshop
World History
International Relations Resources 15th-18th c. World Politics
Why Honesty Matters in High School
          (for high-school students)
Reading, Writing, Plagiarism 19th c World Politics
How to Write a Thesis 20th c World Politics to 1945
Succeeding as an International Student in the U.S. and Canada      (customized for students, faculty, or advisers)
Politics and Culture 20th c World Politics 1945-91
Fun Big Wars: Ancient, Medieval, & Modern
Talks on Global Issues
News Pages
Social Science Core
What's New about the New Economy?
World News Power, Identity, Resistance The World America Made
Middle East News   Political Threats to Global Prosperity
Headline News   Turning Points of the 20th Century
World News-Web Audio   Democracies in World Politics
Advice for students
  Israel's Challenges
How to Write a Thesis   China in World Politics
Getting a Recommendation   The Cold War
  Why We Fought WW2
© Charles Lipson, 2008